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“Intelligens” is the title of 19th International Architecture Exhibition of La Biennale di Venezia (2025) curated by Carlo. Read here


Atlas of the Senseable City, Carlo Ratti's new book, tackles how the growth of digital mapping, is affecting cities and daily life.


The Coffee Landscape


International design and innovation studio CRA-Carlo Ratti Associati and coffee vending machine manufacturer Rhea, along with architect Italo Rota, have unveiled a prototype of the Coffee Landscape. The project is a composite coffee station for offices that transforms coffee making from a solitary activity – in which individuals gravitate away from people and towards the machine – into one where colleagues face each other and interact. In addition, an expansive platform lets people sit on modular poufs of different heights, and underlines the importance of physical space in facilitating social encounters. As a part of the Milan Design Week 2022, the first prototype will be on display from June 6th to 12th in BASE Milano, one of the city’s primary creative hubs.

The Coffee Landscape takes shape as offices around the world undergo a pandemic-induced identity shift. While more companies have adopted a hybrid working scheme, the physical workplace remains an integral part of the work experience. A new approach to office design puts additional emphasis on in-person, serendipitous conversations, which are crucial for generating innovative and meaningful ideas.

“How can we rethink the social experience around coffee? This project experiments with new ways to increase what we might call the ‘coffee-machine effect’: bringing people together and letting them interact with each other,” says Carlo Ratti, founding partner of CRA and director of MIT Senseable City Lab. “In a traditional office pantry, making coffee is not a social experience. You attend to the machine and have your back against others. Here, we are trying to propose an alternative.  We believe that our rituals around coffee can play a fundamental role in fostering what twentieth-century American sociologist Mark Granovetter called ‘weak ties’, namely, casual relations that allow new ideas to pollinate.”

The Coffee Landscape is conceived as an open plan: a central coffee making station with three dispensing outlets is surrounded by modular triangular poufs of various heights from eight to 40 centimeters. Their organic arrangement echoes the ebbs and flows of natural terrains. Coffee preparation is turned into an interpersonal experience, distinct from that of traditional vending machines. Those waiting for their drinks to be brewed can see each other eye to eye, and converse with their colleagues sitting or lying down nearby. The seats can be easily reconfigured based on the occasion and office setting, which gives the workers a chance to unleash their creativity and design their own breakout area.

“We are glad to be partnering with a like-minded design studio like CRA, which understands the value of craftsmanship,” Andrea Pozzolini, CEO of Rhea Vendors Group, said. “Our collaboration started by putting ourselves in the office workers’ shoes and asking ourselves, what would the ideal coffee break be like? With this in mind, we managed to harness Italy’s design legacy, and our 60 years of industrial experience, to realize a sound and forward-looking design.”

In addition to the Coffee Landscape, CRA has designed spaces that epitomize the changing nature of food and beverage rituals. With Lavazza’s London flagship store, it investigates the role played by germicidal materials and disinfecting lights in the “post-pandemic cafe”. In Milan, the Trussardi Cafe offers shade and improves air quality with a suspended garden on the roof. Moreover, CRA’s research on reconfigurable seating includes Lift-Bit, a furniture project developed supported by Vitra, which allows users to digitally adjust the height of modular hexagonal stools to fit their changing needs.


The Coffee Landscape

A project by CRA-Carlo Ratti Associati with Italo Rota

Client: Rhea Vendors Group

Where: BASE Milano, 34 Via Bergognone, Milan, Italy

When: June 6th to 12th


CRA Team: Carlo Ratti, Antonio Atripaldi (partner in charge), Chiara Borghi, Mario Daudo, Aurora Maggio; Gary di Silvio, Pasquale Milieri, Gianluca Zimbardi

CRA Make: Mykola Murashko, Yasser Hariss, Carlo Turati

Italo Rota Building Office Team: Italo Rota, Francesca Grassi